Several high-ranking Persian nobles were killed by Alexander himself or his horse companions. Alexander also ordered the murder of Attalus,  who was in command of the advance guard of the army in Asia Minor and Cleopatra's uncle.
Heavy losses were inflicted on the Greek army but after holding the gate for a month, the Persians were finally encircled and defeated. Proskynesis To gain credibility with the Persians, Alexander took on many Persian customs. Alexander used trickery to cross the Hydaspes, and, in a hard-fought battle, in which Alexander lost several men, defeated Porus.
Phillip II of Macedon enhanced the Phalanx formation providing the Hoplites with better training, introducing a longer spear sarissa and masking the formations movement. So Alexander decides to turn back.
With the Athenians lost, the Thebans were surrounded.
The end of Thebes cowed Athens, leaving all of Greece temporarily at peace. He has figured in both high and popular culture from his time to this day.
Following his desireto reach the "ends of the world and the Great Outer Sea", heinvaded India, but was eventually forced to turn back by thenear-mutiny of his troops, who were tired of war. Though he was almost killed, Alexander rallied his army and defeated the Persians.
Pushed too far, Alexander killed Cleitus with a spear, a spontaneous act of violence that anguished him. Philip married into the families of the surrounding kingdoms, and captured a gold mine, which provided Macedonia with wealth.
The main unit was the syntagma, normally 16 men deep. Alexander gained substantial wealth in the Persian capitals of Babylon and Susa; and announced himself the Persian King of Kings.
When the Thessalians awoke the next day, they found Alexander in their rear and promptly surrendered, adding their cavalry to Alexander's force. Though Sparta was victorious, it was also weakened by this war. Like his father, Alexander wanted to conquer the Persian Empire with the help of the Greeks.
After the death of his father, Alexander crushed internal opposition to ensure complete control over Greece, before he began his renowned campaign which resulted in the conquest of the Achaemenid Empire, one of the most powerful empires in history.
Tyre was on an island about a quarter mile off the shore and had massive defensive walls. Alexander was however unwilling to relent and, in January of BC, he started his long siege of Tyre that lasted almost eight month. Alexander and his exploits were greatly admired in the ancient world, especially by the Roman leaders, who saw him as a role model.
Crossing the river at night, he surprised them and forced their army to retreat after the first cavalry skirmish. Hellenistic Age Read aloud MP3 To further diffuse the situation, Alexander returned their titles and hosted a huge reconciliation banquet.Nov 09, · Alexander the Great was an ancient Macedonian ruler and one of history’s greatest military minds who—as King of Macedonia and Persia—established the largest empire the ancient world had ever.
Alexander the Great, also known as Alexander III of Macedon and Alexandros III Philippou Makedonon, was born in Pella, in those times the capital of Macedonia.
Alexander was the son of the king Philip II of Macedon and Myrtali, the Princess of Epirus, who will be later known as Olympias.
Alexander the Great; Basileus of Macedon, Hegemon of the Hellenic League, There are two different versions of Alexander's death and details of the death differ slightly in each. Polybius began his Histories by reminding Romans of Alexander's achievements. Military and Cultural Achievements of Alexander the Great Alexander Alexander the Great made a great effort to bring ideas and to bring ideas and people from different places together.
Today, this is vert popular and in high school we have learn the ideas and customs from different places in the the world in order to graduate.
Doing this. Alexander the Great. Alexander was greatly influenced by the philosopher's teachings. On later military campaigns, Alexander brought scientists with him and sent plant and animal specimens. Alexander The Great’s Greatest Achievements William Shakespeare once wrote that some men are born great, some achieve greatness, and others have greatness thrust upon them.
In many ways, Alexander III of Macedon falls into all three of those categories.Download